There are three major styles used when citing worksAmerican Psychological Association (APA) style, Modern Language Association (MLA) style and the style taken from the Chicago Manual of Style (for the purpose of this guide will be referred to as Chicago). APA is the preferred style for social sciences such as business, psychology, and sociology.
MLA is the preferred style for humanitiesrelated areas such Citing sources based on the rules of the Chicago Manual of Style is a twostep process. The first step is to put the citation in the main text where you've included the cited material. The first step is to put the citation in the main text where you've included the cited material.
The Chicago style, when referring to a source of information within the text of a document, in its simplest form, gives a short citation consisting of the name of Chicagostyle source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) authordate.
If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources.
In addition to consulting The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed. ) for more information, students may also find it useful to consult Kate L. Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (8th ed. ). This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the" Turabian" citation style, follows the two CMOS patterns of documentation but offers slight modifications suited to Exceptions to Chicago Manual of Style AuthorDate Style that are exclusive to the Oceanographic Center at NSU are indicated in GREEN.
Definition Also called parenthetical citations, intext citations are found within the main body of the document immediately after a quote or a paraphrase. Chicago (17th ed. ) Turabian (9th ed.
) The Chicago Manual of StyleTurabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the authordate system. The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses.
For more examples, see 1 5. 5052 in The Chicago Manual of Style. For multimedia, including live performances, see 1 5. 57. Social media content. Citations of content shared through social media can usually be limited to the text (as in the first example below).
If a more formal citation is needed, a reference list entry may be appropriate. In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text. To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in